U, U, & UU Milestones
Elizabeth Blackwell (3 FEB 1821, Bristol, England – 31 MAY 1910 Sussex, England)
She was a teacher and doctor. Upon graduation from Geneva College in NY on January 23, 1849, she became the first woman to complete studies at a medical school and receive the M.D. degree.
Adlai Ewing Stevenson, II (5 FEB 1900, Los Angeles, CA – 14 JUL 1965 London, England)
He was a politician, four time delegate to Democratic National Convention from Illinois, Governor of Illinois 1949-53, candidate for President of the United States in 1952 and 1956, and a U.S. Representative to the United Nations from 1961-65.
Pauline Agassiz Shaw (6 FEB 1841 – 10 FEB 1917)
She was a social reformer who, in 1881, founded America’s first trade school, the North Bennet Street Industrial School, to train newly arrived Italian and Jewish people in skilled trades. She also gave financial support to the woman suffrage movement and is responsible for the institutionalization of kindergartens in Boston Public Schools.
Lydia Estes Pinkham (9 FEB 1819, Lynn, MA – 17 MAY 1883 Lynn, MA)
She was a social activist and businesswoman. She was a member of the Female Anti-Slavery society and a supporter of Temperance. In 1875 she began marketing her Vegetable Compound, which she saw eventually gross about $300,000 a year.
Peter Cooper (12 FEB 1791 New York City, NY – 4 APR 1883, NYC, NY)
He was the ‘Inventor of Jello’, manufacturer, and philanthropist. He was a Greenback candidate for President of the United States in 1876, created the first U.S. steam locomotive, founded the Cooper Union, and was elected to the Hall of Fame for Great Americans in 1900.
Charles Darwin (12 FEB 1809 Shrewsbury, England – 19 APR 1882 Downe, Uk)
He was a naturalist, geologist, and author. He sailed on the HMS Beagle from 1831 to 1836, collecting specimens while gaining insight into the geology, sociology, and anthropology of regions around the world. In 1859, his book “On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection” was published.
Sallie Holley(17 FEB 1818 Canandaigua, NY – 12 JAN 1893 NYC, NY)
She was a teacher and social reformer. She attended Oberlin College on a scholarship in 1847. After college, she worked for the American Anti-Slavery Society, lectured regularly, and wrote for William L. Garrison’s ‘The Liberator’.
Susan Brownell Anthony (15 FEB 1820 Adams, MA – 13 MAR 1906 Rochester, NY)
She was a women’s rights activist and social reformer. She became the NY state agent for the American Anti-Slavery Society in 1856, helped found the New York Women’s State Temperance Society, Women’s Loyal National League, and National Woman Suffrage Association, campaigned for equal rights for women and African Americans, and published “The Revolution”.
Carroll Leander Coburn (23 FEB 1907 E. Montpelier, VT – 10 APR 1975 Berlin, VT)
He was a farmer and legislator. He was a member of the Vermont state house of representatives from 1939-41, a member of Vermont state senate from Washington County from 1943-47, and served as President Pro Tempore 1947-1949.
Laura Elizabeth Howe Richards (27 FEB 1850 Boston, MA – 14 JAN 1943 Gardiner, ME)
She was a poet, author, and teacher. Her first book “Five Little Mice in a Mouse Trap” was published in 1880 and “Captain January” was published in the 1890’s. She founded the Women’s Philanthropic Union, serving as it’s president until 1921. In 1917, she and her sister, Maude Howe Elliott, won the Pulitzer Prize for “Julia Ward Howe 1819-1910”, a biography of their mother.
Linus Carl Pauling (28 FEB 1901 Portland, OR – 19 AUG 1994 Big Sur, CA)
He was a chemist, two-time Nobel Prize winner, and peace-activist. In 1939 he published the results of over ten years of research in “The Nature of the Chemical Bond and the Structure of Molecules and Crystals”. He was awarded the Presidential Medal of Merit in 1948 for his scientific research, was a member of Einstein’s Emergency Committee of Atomic Scientists, supported many peace organizations, and, as an individual, spoke out against war and its nuclear nature.